The Union ministry of women and Child Development (WCD) released National Action Plan for children (NAPC) 2016 on the occasion of National Girl Child Day on 24 January prepared as the mandate of the national policy for children (2013).
Some Important Point Related to national policy for children (2013)
- recognizes a child to be a person below the age of 18 years.
- aims to give a social safety net to the family to help nurture the child.
- recognizes that children are not a homogenous group and require different responses.
- says that every child has universal, inalienable and indivisible human rights.
Following are the priority areas
- Survival, health, and nutrition
- Education and development
- Child Protection
- Child Participation
Following issues are involved
- Children are one of the most vulnerable communities in India lacking in political, social and economic rights
- They suffer from a gamut of issues like poor child education and health care, child labor, child marriage etc
- Article 23 of the constitution gives the right to people (especially children) against exploitation and the State’s duty to protect it
NEED FOR THE INITIATIVE
- The National Policy for Children was adopted by the GOI in 2013.
- NPAC links the 2013 Policy to actionable strategies.
- It aims to coordinate all stakeholders including GOI and civil society organizations to address child rights
India brought the National Policy of Children in 2013 for emerging issues and also proposed a National Action Plan to implement it.
PROVISIONS OF THE ACTION PLAN
Child Survival, Health, and Nutrition
- help in the improving child health by universalizing the maternal and child healthcare
- give emphasis on newborn care through initiatives like universal immunization
- prevent mental and physical disabilities through timely measures for pre-natal, peri-natal and post-natal care of mother and child
Education and Development
- promote affordable and accessible quality education up to the Secondary level for all children
- provide universal and equitable access to quality Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE) for all children below six years of age
strengthen legislative, administrative, and institutional redressal mechanisms for Child Protection at all level
ensure that children actively participate in planning and implementation of programmes concerning them